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Star Trek: Enterprise - Vulcan Enlightenment

"It is because we have at the present moment everybody claiming the right of conscience without going through any discipline whatsoever that there is so much untruth being delivered to a bewildered world."
- Mohandas K. Ghandi

"Vulcan Philosophy revolves around the concept of logic. A Vulcan's moral goal is to abandon all emotion and become a purely logical being. This is attained through meditation and discipline. The father of Vulcan philosphy is Surak, who helped lead the Vulcan people out of a time of destruction and violence into their new era of peace. His introduction of logic and emotional discipline ushered in the Time of Awakening."
- Vulcan philosophy, From Memory Alpha, the free Star Trek reference.

"In light of knowledge attained, the happy achievement seems almost a matter of course, and any intelligent student can grasp it without too much trouble. But the years of anxious searching in the dark, with their intense longing, their alterations of confidence and exhaustion and the final emergence into the light -- only those who have experienced it can understand it."
- Albert Einstein (1875-1955), German-born American theoretical physicist, theories of relativity, philosopher


    It seems to me that the writers of Star Trek Enterprise have modeled the Vulcan character of Surak on Earth's most enlightened and influential teachers.  Additionally I find it likely that they also recognize that these individuals could, prior to their 'enlightenment' be described as INTP (Ti Ne Si Fe...) personality types.  Further it appears to me that for nearly all Star Trek stories, Vulcans can be seen as individuals who strive to emulate the INTP archetype without understanding or accepting the archetypes' incomplete nature.  The Star Trek writers on the other hand seem to have always recognized this imbalance and have used it in a great number of stories that involve Vulcans.  If you click the image below you can watch an 11Mb clip from ST:E.  If you read the following material you will see the sequence of quadrants that open the door are not arbitrary.

Portrait of an INTP - The Thinker, Personalitypage.com
INTPs live in the world of theoretical possibilities. They see everything in terms of how it could be improved, or what it could be turned into. They live primarily inside their own minds, having the ability to analyze difficult problems, identify patterns, and come up with logical explanations. They seek clarity in everything, and are therefore driven to build knowledge. They are the "absent-minded professors", who highly value intelligence and the ability to apply logic to theories to find solutions. They typically are so strongly driven to turn problems into logical explanations, that they live much of their lives within their own heads, and may not place as much importance or value on the external world. Their natural drive to turn theories into concrete understanding may turn into a feeling of personal responsibility to solve theoretical problems, and help society move towards a higher understanding.
The INTP has no understanding or value for decisions made on the basis of personal subjectivity or feelings. They strive constantly to achieve logical conclusions to problems, and don't understand the importance or relevance of applying subjective emotional considerations to decisions. For this reason, INTPs are usually not in-tune with how people are feeling, and are not naturally well-equipped to meet the emotional needs of others.

Surak, Startrek.com
Philosopher considered the greatest of all who ever lived on Vulcan, the father of all which Vulcan culture holds true. About 1,800 years ago, the planet was in the grip of devastating wars and violent passions. In the 4th century A.D. (Earth calendar), Surak traversed a treacherous desert known as "The Forge" in his quest for enlightenment, and came to conclude that logic is at the heart of every Vulcan soul. His teachings brought this basic truth to his people,
and ushered in the great period of reformation and peace known as the Time of Awakening. His writings have formed the basis of all Vulcan belief and philosophy since, and have been extensively translated and interpreted throughout history (which some believe have compromised his doctrine). His original, unadulterated words, however, were preserved in an artifact known as the Kir'Shara, which was hidden inside the desert stronghold known as the T'Karath Sanctuary.

“The Nag Hammadi Library, a collection of thirteen ancient codices containing over fifty texts, was discovered in upper Egypt in 1945. This immensely important discovery includes a large number of primary Gnostic scriptures -- texts once thought to have been entirely destroyed during the early Christian struggle to define "orthodoxy" -- scriptures such as the Gospel of Thomas, the Gospel of Philip, and the Gospel of Truth. The discovery and translation of the Nag Hammadi library has provided impetus to a major re-evaluation of early Christian history and the nature of Gnosticism.

The Gospel of Thomas
3. Jesus said, "If your leaders say to you, 'Look, the kingdom is in the sky,' then the birds of the sky will precede you. If they say to you, 'It is in the sea,' then the fish will precede you. Rather, the kingdom is within you and it is outside you.
When you know yourselves, then you will be known, and you will understand that you are children of the living Father. But if you do not know yourselves, then you live in poverty, and you are the poverty."
70. Jesus said, "If you bring forth what is within you, what you have will save you. If you do not have that within you, what you do not have within you [will] kill you."

The Physiology of Jung’s Four Functions & Their Organization
By Katherine Benziger, Ph.D., © March 1998; September 1999
From the above overview we have learned that:

  1. Jung’s four Functions are rooted in four distinct areas of the cortex. Thinking is housed in the Left Frontal Lobe. Intuition is housed in the Right Frontal Lobe. Sensation is housed in the Left Posterior Convexity. Feeling is housed in the Right Posterior Convexity.
  2. Jung’s assertion that each of us has one Natural Lead Function is the result of a neuro-chemical - physiological fact that each person has one area which is 100 times more efficient than their remaining three areas.
  3. Jung’s assertion that each person has two natural auxiliaries can be understood to be the natural result of the brain’s structure. Factually speaking, neuronal bridges hardwire a person’s Natural Lead to their auxiliaries, making communication between their lead and auxiliaries easy, even though each actual auxiliary is relatively speaking highly inefficient.
  4. Jung’s assertion that once a person’s Natural Lead Function has been identified, one can confidently calculate the person’s greatest Natural Weakness, is the result of the simply fact that there are no diagonal bridges in the human brain.
  5. The difference between the Feeling Function and Emotions can be understood more clearly. The Feeling Function is a cortical capacity to recognize the presence or absence of harmony – between colors, tones, or human beings. By contrast, emotions are a limbic capacity to experience delight, anger, fear, grief.
  6. Jung’s belief that Falsification of Type was real possibility is understood to be the natural result of anyone developing and using any of their three inefficient, non-preferred Functions more than their highly efficient Natural Lead Function. What’s more, Jung’s assertion that Falsification of Type can be a serious threat to a person’s physical and mental / emotional health has been validated by the work of Dr. Katherine Benziger and Dr. Arlene Taylor, resulting recently in the profound recognition that Falsification of Type leads dependably to a serious results as defined by PASS.

Thus, quite simply, the elements of Jung’s Typology related to the existence and relative organization of four specialized functions or ways of "thinking" is explained.”

    The writers of Star Trek appear to be rather observant students of political history both recent and of our past.

Encyclopædia Britannica Article
in Roman religion, god of fire, particularly in its destructive aspects as volcanoes or conflagrations. Poetically, he is given all the attributes of the Greek Hephaestus (q.v.). His worship was very ancient, and at Rome he had his own priest (flamen).

Rise of the Vulcans: The History of Bush's War Cabinet
Reviewed Michiko Kakutani NYT
Wednesday, March 10, 2004
The Vulcans in James Mann's compelling new book are the Pentagon-trained pro-military foreign policy advisers who surround President George Bush. Their nickname, which they coined during the 2000 campaign, came from the Roman god of fire and the forge, and was meant, Mann says, to convey a sense of "power, toughness, resilience and durability."PAUL WOLFOWITZ - Deputy Secretary of Defense

Mann's real subject in this book is the United States' evolving relationship with the world over the past three decades, as American power rose from a nadir at the end of the Vietnam War to a position of military supremacy. The prism he uses to examine this subject consists of the beliefs and experiences of six leading Vulcans: Vice President Dick Cheney, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz, Secretary of State Colin Powell, Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage and the national security adviser, Condoleezza Rice.
In addition Mann reminds us how policies, frequently presented by the Bush administration as responses to a post-Sept. 11 world, had roots in long-standing neoconservative theories and propositions: from the push by many Vulcans for a more assertive, moralistic stance toward the Soviet Union in the 1970s and '80s, to a hawkish 1992 Defense Planning Guidance paper, which was drafted by Wolfowitz's office, sponsored by the defense secretary at the time, Dick Cheney, but turned aside by the White House of Bush's father.
For Mann, the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, "greatly accelerated" the willingness of this administration "to rethink Cold War ideas about national security" - namely, containment, deterrence and multilateral approaches to foreign policy - and persuaded the Vulcans that "America had entered a new era and needed new concepts to guide it." In the ensuing months, he observes, the administration would abandon the ABM Treaty, move away from cold war strategies of deterrence, recast the U.S. stand on nuclear weapons, turn the war on terror into a campaign against weapons of mass destruction and reshape approaches to Israel and the Palestinians. The decision to invade Iraq last year, Mann writes, "encapsulated virtually all the key elements in the Vulcans' views of the world."

"The United States has for decades sought to play a more permanent role in Gulf regional security. While the unresolved conflict with Iraq provides the immediate justification, the need for a substantial American force presence in the Gulf transcends the issue of the regime of Saddam Hussein."  ...“Further, the process of transformation, even if it brings revolutionary change, is likely to be a long one, absent some catastrophic and catalyzing event – like a new Pearl Harbor."
Rebuilding America's Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources For a New Century - September 2000.

Up Close & Logical: History's Most Notable Vulcans (Update)V'Las - The Administrator of the Vulcan High Command
, www.startrek.com
The Administrator of the Vulcan High Command, the highest ranking official of the Vulcan government in the mid-22nd centu
ry until his political downfall in 2154. When the Earth embassy on Vulcan was bombed in that year, V'Las got personally involved in the investigation, and blamed the Syrrannite movement for the act. He used it to justify eradicating the Syrrannites, even while launching a pre-emptive strike against Andoria citing intelligence that Andorians were in possession of Xindi weapon technology. Events bore out that V'Las was essentially behind the embassy bombing — and the planting of evidence incriminating T'Pau — because he needed an excuse to eliminate the Syrrannites before their pacifistic philosophy could sway the governing council and obstruct his militaristic agenda. When Jonathan Archer and T'Pau arrived at the Vulcan capital with the Kir'Shara — an artifact containing the original writings of Surak — V'Las attempted to destroy it, but he was stopped by Minister Kuvak. V'Las was subsequently discredited and the High Command dissolved, as a new era of peace and logic was ushered in by the Syrrannites and their sympathizers.

Historians of the time were not aware that V'Las had actually been in collusion for decades with Romulan operatives planning to reunify the Vulcan and Romulan people, in an imperialistic plot to conquer the region encompassing Vulcan, Andoria, Tellar and Earth. ("The Forge," "The Awakening," "Kir'Shara")


    It is also significant to note that following a recent season finale, a repeat performance of the episode "Fusion" was aired having been selected by viewers as their favorite 'alien' episode.  In the episode the visiting Vulcans are explorers of the 'self'.  The character Talaris explains to T'Pol that the teachings of Surak have been misunderstood by Vulcans for centuries.  He claims that Surak never intended that Vulcans suppress their emotions but instead learn to integrate them into their psyche.  If you read the Dhammapada and the Tao Te Ching you will find timeless and logical truths that apply predominantly to the affairs of people.  These teachings can be found elsewhere including the rediscovered Gnostic gospels.  Please see my Know Yourself page for resources and further explanation.

Scientists Say Everyone Can Read Minds
By Ker Than, Special to LiveScience
27 April 2005
Empathy allows us to feel the emotions of others, to identify and understand their feelings and motives and see things from their perspective. How we generate empathy remains a subject of intense debate in cognitive science.

Some scientists now believe they may have finally discovered its root. We're all essentially mind readers, they say.

Enterprise, Fusion, Production 017, 2/27/2002
"...Over the course of the meal, Archer and T'Pol are shocked at the emotionally pleasant and open nature of their guests. Tavin explains that he and his crew are referred to as "V'tosh ka'tur" ("Vulcans without logic") by the Vulcan elders. He clarifies that they are on a pilgrimage to explore and incorporate their emotions, to find a balance between emotion and logic."

The Physiology of Jung’s Four Functions & Their Organization
By Katherine Benziger, Ph.D., © March 1998; September 1999
The difference between the Feeling Function and Emotions can be understood more clearly. The Feeling Function is a cortical capacity to recognize the presence or absence of harmony – between colors, tones, or human beings. By contrast, emotions are a limbic capacity to experience delight, anger, fear, grief.

A Review by Vincent J. Romano: Elaine Pagels on "Jesus and his Message in the Gnostic Gospels"
The Gnostics believed that by investigating the source of sorrow, joy, love and hate, one could cultivate insight and discover God as the fountainhead of all of these states of being. The significance of Jesus is interpreted to be that of a model, one whose instruction to come and know oneself as he did will transform human beings into sons (and daughters) of God like him. Consistent with the scholarly consensus that Jesus' purpose was not to found a new religion centering its devotion upon him, the Gospel of Philip, a companion text to the gospel of Thomas, urges followers not to become Christians, but rather new Christs.”

Many Buddhas
“The word Buddha is a generic term, meaning the Enlightened One. It refers to a person who has realized the Dhamma and attained enlightenment. This enlightenment, as we have seen, is open to all, and so is Buddhahood. In line with the Theravada teachings, Mahayana tradition goes a step further to strongly assert the universal presence of Buddha-nature in all beings, without exception; this Buddha-nature is the inherent potential for enlightenment, which can be cultivated and actualized by each and every individual. This spirit of openness and tolerance is characteristic of Buddhism.”

Matthew 15 :: King James Version (KJV)
16 And Jesus said, Are ye also yet without understanding?
17 Do not ye yet understand, that whatsoever entereth in at the mouth goeth into the belly, and is cast out into the draught?
18 But those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart; and they defile the man.
19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies:
20 These are the things which defile a man: but to eat with unwashen hands defileth not a man.

The Basis of Zarathusta’s Teachings - Dr. Bahram Varza
“In Zarathustra’s philosophy, everybody has the liberty to choose the right way, out of his/her good reflection and since human wisdom is more related to good reflection, thus the followers of Zoroastrianism should precede by each other to the propagation of science and education. In this manner, Zoroastrianism becomes the forerunner of knowledge and enlightenment.”

The Nature of Man
"Deep inside the skull of every one of us there is something like a brain of a crocodile. Surrounding the R-complex is the limbic system or mammalian brain, which evolved tens of millions of years ago in ancestors who were mammal but not yet primates. It is a major source of our moods and emotions, of our concern and care for the young. And finally, on the outside, living in uneasy truce with the more primitive brains beneath, is the cerebral cortex, which evolved millions of years ago in our cosmic voyages. Comprising more than two-thirds of the brain mass, it is the realm of both intuition and critical analysis. It is here that we have ideas and inspirations, here that we read and write, here that we do mathematics and compose music. The cortex regulates our conscious lives. It is the distinction of our species, the seat of our humanity. Civilization is a product of the cerebral cortex." - Carl Sagan, Cosmos p.276-277


    Achieving (psychic/mental/spiritual) balance is a significant message and in fact the goal of enlightenment.  Most everyone confuses the 'path' to enlightenment with the 'attainment' of enlightenment.  I contend INTPs are the model as our cognitive functions predispose us to follow a 'path' of truth rather than one of desire or imposition of our will on others.  INTPs are naturally logical with the abstract Thinking function directed inward and 100% more efficient than the other three cortical functions (see Benziger articles and Portrait of an INTP).  The auxiliary function of Extroverted Intuition (Ne) identifies 'invisible' relationships between things.  Ne temporally perceives forward in time.  The tertiary function of Introverted Sensing (Si) temporally perceives backwards in time and processes concrete sensory perceptions.  The inferior function of Extroverted Feeling (Fe) is diagonally opposite Thinking and often underdeveloped which is one feature that allows us to be comfortable by ourselves.  Poorly developed 'Feeling', what I prefer to call 'subjective reasoning' can be an advantage in identifying truths objectively.  We are less likely to interpret 'things'  (which often can include people and their emotions) the way we want them to be or the way we think they should be.  We are more likely to accept things as they are even those things others may prejudge as 'bad' and avoid them.  Having a poorly developed ego made it easier to 'let go' of my attachment to this world and even my life, in search of truths so terrifying they would likely cause most others to consciously or unconsciously block the implications and stop searching.  I am of course referring primarily to my Pleistocene Mass Extinction Theory.

By Mark Lindsay
In order to increase your control over your emotions, it is helpful to understand emotions from the viewpoint of a brain specialist. This will help you to understand the origins of our emotions and why we have them. The advantage of this is the same of any type of self-knowledge: the more you become aware of the mechanical or automatic aspects of yourself, the more you are able to increase your control over them.

...According to the triune model of the brain, evolution has simply added new sub-brains to preexisting ones like a man who keeps building additional structures onto an old house. However, to continue with the analogy, with each new addition to the house the physical structure of the older components were altered or modified to some extent. In other words, the reptile brain in humans is not exactly the same as the brain of a lizard. That is not to say we haven’t retained any reptilian functions in our brains; we most certainly have. MacLean has shown that our reptile brains play a major role in our aggressive behavior, territoriality, ritual and social hierarchies.

“Jihad, the subject of the "documentary," is not even defined. We are not told that jihad has many definitions, that in general it means struggle, and that the highest form of jihad is the struggle against self.”
The Wisdom Fund, April 28, 1995

- Thousands -
One may conquer a million men in a single battle;
However, the greatest and best warrior
Conquers himself.
Conquest of one's self is the greatest victory of all.
- Anger -
The wise ones who do no harm,
Ever restrained in body, word, and mind,
Come to the place of peace
Where they will sorrow no more.
The Dhammapada (The Path of Truth)

“Knowing others is intelligence;
knowing yourself is true wisdom.
Mastering others is strength;
mastering yourself is true power.”

If you realize that you have enough,
you are truly rich.
If you stay in the center
and embrace death with your whole heart,
you will endure forever.”
- Lao-tzu , Tao-te ching “The Book of the Way and Its Power”
A New English Version by Stephen Mitchell

Star Trek: Enterprise - Temporal Cold War

Archer's future takes an unsettling turn     The (first) season finale of “Enterprise” was convincingly similar to John of Patmos’ testimony in the book of Revelation and Jonathan Archer’s time travel experiences in witnessing a global catastrophe following the death of '3,000' inhabitants of a planet. Also note that the emissary in Enterprise is named ‘Daniels’ as the book of Daniel deals considerably with global catastrophe.  Additionally the book of Revelation contains several examples of temporally influenced wording, e.g. "to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass".

Enterprise, Shockwave, Production 026, 5/22/2002
“In the alien building, [Jonathan] Archer finds himself at the edge of the bombed-out floor before a devastating vista, a once beautiful city transformed into a post-apocalyptic nightmare, burnt-out shells of skyscrapers spread out as far as the eye can see. Daniels is there, this time in his native clothing. Rattled like he's never been, Daniels says that he was just having breakfast there half an hour ago, then was instructed to bring Archer to his time — the 31st century…”

al·le·go·ry    n. pl. al·le·go·ries
1.a.  The representation of abstract ideas or principles by characters, figures, or events in narrative, dramatic, or pictorial form.

21:15 When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:)
1:1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John:
1:2 Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw.
21:4 And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.
21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.

    If you think that the use of Biblical allegory in science fiction is rare think again, it's rather extensive.  Personally I'm curious to what extent the references are deliberate and how much may be unconscious.  Of course many of the writers of these stories have grown up watching or reading earlier examples of science fiction as well as fictional biblical reenactments.  To illustrate, here are two more science fiction programs I contend are similar to some of the content of Revelation.  The programs are Stargate SG-1 and Farscape.  Note they both use wormholes to traverse space-time.  (For my interpretation of several more verses of Revelation please see my Revelation and WTC pages.)

Parable, the term translates the Hebrew word "mashal" –a term denoting a metaphor, or an enigmatic saying or an analogy. In the Greco-Roman rhetorical tradition, however, "parables" were illustrative narrative examples.

Mark 4 : (KJV)
10 And when he was alone, they that were about him with the twelve asked of him the parable.
11 And he said unto them, Unto you it is given to know the mystery of the kingdom of God: but unto them that are without, all these things are done in parables:
12 That seeing they may see, and not perceive; and hearing they may hear, and not understand; lest at any time they should be converted, and their sins should be forgiven them.
13 And he said unto them, Know ye not this parable? and how then will ye know all parables?

Asimov's Guide to the Bible: The Old and New Testaments/Two Volumes in One
by Isaac Asimov, p. 1190
Since “apocalypse” means “unveiling” or “revelation” (of matters that is, which would otherwise remain forever hidden because they cannot be penetrated by the unaided reason of man) this final book can be called either “The Apocalypse” or “The Revelation.” It is called the latter in the King James Version.

The author of Revelation names himself and makes no attempt to place the authorship upon some ancient sage (as is generally done in apocalyptic writing):

Revelation 1:1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John…

Revelation 1 (KJV)
2 Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw.
3 Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time is at hand.
9 I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ.

opening statement for season four
My name is John Crichton...an astronaut. Three years ago I got shot through a wormhole. I'm in a distant part of the universe aboard this living ship of escaped prisoners...my friends. I've made enemies...powerful... dangerous. Now all I want is to find a way home...to warn earth.
Look upward and share the wonders I've seen.

    You may find the underlying premise of Stargate SG-1 particularly interesting in that the story focuses on characters from our time who reason and discover that human mythology is based in fact, and that on planet after planet technologically primitive peoples are compelled to believe that far more technologically advanced peoples are Gods.  Here again the character that reveals the truth to others is named Daniel(I suppose I'm performing the same service.)

Dr. Daniel Jackson was an outcast in the archeological community, but was recruited by the leader of the early Stargate program in part because of his unorthodox beliefs -- such as his theory that the ancient Egyptian pyramids were built by aliens.  Jackson turned out to be right, and figured out how to activate the Stargate and dial to thousands of different worlds.

Revelation 5
1 And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals.

MGM: Stargate SG-1
What is the Stargate?
The Stargate is a round portal that can instantaneously transport an object from one point in space to another by generating an artificial wormhole. A wormhole is created between any two Stargates when one Stargate dials the address of another Stargate. A Stargate uses 6 of 38 symbols, representing star constellations, to locate another Stargate and then uses a final 7th symbol, unique to each Stargate, as its point of origin.

Revelation 6

12 And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;
13 And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.
14 And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.

Stargate SG-1: episode 5:05 RED SKY
Synopsis : SG-1 are welcomed on K'Tau by the planet's religious leader who takes the reddening sky concurrent with their arrival as a sign from their Gods. In reality it is a solar reaction caused by SG-1's wormhole that spells death for the planet.

Who made the Stargate?
No one knows. It was originally believed that the Goa'uld had constructed the Stargate network. Daniel Jackson theorizes that a race of aliens impersonating the Norse gods constructed the Stargates. The true origins of the Stargate are still unknown.

Revelation 1 (KJV)
17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last:
18 I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.
19 Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter;

Voyage into the Vortex: Survival Tips for Black Hole Travelers
By Robert Roy Britt, Senior Science Writer, 04 April 2003
If you're planning a trip to another universe, via a black hole, be sure to head for the weak sector.

That's the advice of Lior Burko, a University of Utah physicist whose new research shows that travel through a black hole is not theoretically impossible, despite the violent nature of the beasts and the assumption by most theorists that a spacecraft would be pulverized.

Burko says all black holes are not alike.

But some black holes have hybrid structures, theorists have long suspected. The new research shows that the hybrid singularity could contain both strong and weak sectors.

"It would allow the captain to navigate toward the sector where the singularity is weak," Burko said. "Experiencing only finite (and even small) effects (of stretching and squeezing), the spaceship could arrive at the singularity unharmed. While that still does not guarantee a peaceful traversing of the singularity, it keeps the possibility of doing so open. If that traversing becomes possible, it could open a 'tunnel' to another universe."

The highly speculative idea that such a journey might lead to another universe is based on certain solutions, developed in the 1960s, of Einstein's equations about time and space. The solutions allow for the possibility of multiple universes connected by black holes.

Burko arrived at his conclusion through a comprehensive analysis of how long-duration streams of radiation would affect a black hole's structure when falling inward. The results were published in the March 28 issue of the journal Physical Review Letters.

MGM: Stargate SG-1: Interact

Space-Time /n./ 1915

  1. a system of one temporal and three spatial coordinates by which any physical object or event can be located — called also space-time continuum

  2. the whole or a portion of physical reality determinable by a usually four-dimensional coordinate system; also : the properties characteristic of such an order

Wormhole /n./ 1593

  1. a hole or passage burrowed by a worm

  2. a hypothetical structure of space-time envisioned as a long thin tunnel connecting points that are separated in space and time

Revelation 9
1 And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit.
Star Trek DS-9 Wormhole and emerging ship
2 And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit.
3 And there came out of the smoke locusts upon the earth: and unto them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power.
4 And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree; but only those men which have not the seal of God in their foreheads.
7 And the shapes of the locusts were like unto horses prepared unto battle; and on their heads were as it were crowns like gold, and their faces were as the faces of men.
9 And they had breastplates, as it were breastplates of iron; and the sound of their wings was as the sound of chariots of many horses running to battle.

    If you search Time Travel on the internet you can find several serious and informative sites that investigate this fascinating and theoretically valid scientific concept.  Here are some links;

Welcome to the companion Web site to the NOVA program "Time Travel," originally broadcast on October 12, 1999. In the program, leading physicists delve into the mystery of whether time travel is possible, and if so, how one might go about building a time machine. Here's what you'll find online:


Sagan on Time Travel
Listen to the late astronomer and Pulitzer Prize-winning author's insightful and delightfully droll views on everything from wormholes ("very Alice in Wonderland") to the nature of time ("one of those concepts that is profoundly resistant to a simple definition").


Traveling Through Time
In this excerpt from his 1998 book Time: A Traveler's Guide, Clifford Pickover, an IBM researcher and science writer, declares that "time travel is possible." Find out why he is so sure.


Think Like Einstein (Hot Science)
Albert Einstein showed that space is curved, time is relative, and time travel is theoretically possible. Here, do a simple thought experiment and learn to think like the century's greatest scientist.


What you would call a time machine physicists term a "closed timelike curve." Steep yourself on the concepts and conjectures, the dialects and definitions that physicists rely on when musing about the possibility of time travel.


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