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COMETS and ASTEROIDS

Comets are like cats. They have tails, and they do precisely what they want.
David Levy, co-discoverer of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9

  Comet Borrelly ("It's mind-boggling and stupendous")
  Asteroid or Comet predictions (from myth compared to current events)
  Atlantis (or just another sunken civilization?)
  Dark like the monolith (Is Arthur C. Clark a prophet?)
  Asteroid Recent Developments (Whew! there went/here comes another one.)

Comet Borrelly

Comet BorrellySPECIAL REPORT: Aged and Wounded Spacecraft Photographs Comet
SPACE.com will provide full coverage of findings expected in coming weeks and months from Deep Space 1's flyby of comet Borrelly Sept. 22.

Borrelly: This Comet's A Star
"It's mind-boggling and stupendous," said Laurence Soderblom, leader of Deep Space 1's imaging team.

Strange interactions
One of the most puzzling early results of the Deep Space 1 observations is the curious way comet Borrelly interacts with space. As the comet nears the Sun, it is pummeled by charged particles that travel outward from the Sun. Two previous observations of this interaction in other comets showed that the solar wind flowed around the comets in a fairly symmetric fashion, much like water would flow around a smooth round rock.

But with Borrelly, that flow is bunched up on one side, researchers found.
"The center of this flow is not where the nucleus is, which according to conventional wisdom it should be," said David Young of the University of Michigan, leader of the team that made the measurements.

Something strange is going on, but only more research will explain what it is.
Young speculated that newly found jets of gas and dust, seen emanating from the comet in the new images, may have something to do with the phenomenon.

"The formation of the coma is not the simple process we once thought it was," Young said.

Stunning Comet Close-Ups Released From Fly-By
By Robert Roy Britt Senior Science Writer - posted: 01:00 pm ET 25 September 2001
“Researchers said additional data collected by Deep Space 1 will be released in coming weeks, including data of the magnetic field surrounding the nucleus and infrared images that will provide a better view of the comet's composition.
The most highly anticipated release may be some 3-D views that the spacecraft generated as it imaged the comet from different angles on the way by. “

Stunning Comet Close-Ups Released From Fly-By
September 25, 2001
All over, the surface of the oblong object, roughly the size of Mt. Everest, is revealed as rolling, pitted terrain marked by grand mesas. No one involved in comet science or the mission that yielded the images expected such variety on the surface of a frozen hunk of ice.

The observations, along with other measurements of Borrelly made by other telescopes in recent days, are expected to paint an entirely new picture of the frozen wanderers of the solar system, several comet experts said.

Keys to the past
Researchers said additional data collected by Deep Space 1 will be released in coming weeks, including data of the magnetic field surrounding the nucleus and infrared images that will provide a better view of the comet's composition.

The most highly anticipated release may be some 3-D views that the spacecraft generated as it imaged the comet from different angles on the way by.

"I guarantee you they will blow your mind," Soderblom said.

    Please consider the following quotes concerning comet Borrelly and perform your own search at the NASA, JPL and Space.com sites.  You will find that significant amounts of information on comet Borrelly is being withheld from the public.  Following the initial reports that were released as data was being received there has been only one additional article published at Space.com in six months.  That article released in November elaborated on one peculiar aspect of Borrelly, its albedo.  Apparently the Comet reflects so little light that scientists can't explain how something can be so dark.  Sound familiar?  Read below about the similarity between this object and the Monolith in the film 2001 A Space Odyssey.  Considering that one of the proposed strategies for deflecting an asteroid is to 'paint' it what questions do you think these astronomers/astrophysicists are asking themselves about the implications of Borrelly's low albedo?  When calculating the orbits of asteroids and comets what effect does this low albedo have not to mention unexpected jets of material shooting out in the opposite direction?  The November article claims this 'trickle' of information will turn into a flood.  We're waiting....

bullet"It's mind-boggling and stupendous," said Laurence Soderblom, leader of Deep Space 1's imaging team.
bullet"Something strange is going on, but only more research will explain what it is." David Young of the University of Michigan, leader of the team that made the measurements.
bullet"I guarantee you they will blow your mind," Soderblom said."

Comet Borrelly Puzzle: Darkest Object in the Solar System
29 November 2001
"We have known for years that the surface of the earth’s Moon is dark -- about as reflective as an asphalt parking lot," said Robert Nelson, a project scientist on the Deep Space 1 mission at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. "The nucleus of Borrelly is about half as reflective as the Moon."

"I'm not sure how you get an albedo that low," said Donald Yeomans, an expert on comets and asteroids at JPL. "It must have to do with texture -- it can't all be color."

"Nelson presented the findings today at a meeting of the American Astronomical Society's Division for Planetary Sciences in New Orleans. They are part of a trickle of discoveries that promises to soon turn into a flood as Borrelly becomes the most highly scrutinized comet ever."

    Well after more than seven months, on April 4, 2002 a team of researchers released a paper which is available on-line if you want to pay $5.00.  I've not read it but I have read a two page summary of the findings which can be found here but is in Adobe Acrobat format.  In my opinion I don't see anything new or revealing that would justify Laurence Soderblom's earlier exclamations.  The summary merely contains more specific measurement details such as angular and slope values.  The most significant value in the summary in my opinion is the albedo, "The entire nucleus is extremely dark with geometric albedos in the range of 0.01 to 0.03; the average Bond albedo is ~0.006."

Asteroid or Comet Predictions

    Following my accurate prediction of a catastrophic event on New York I researched other prophecies that relate to the end of the world or global upheavals.   These coincidental events are based on a complicated hypothesis that involves the Bible, mythology, psychology, astronomy and a level of technology that most everyone today would consider impossible.  Obviously the reference to Mars could be an allusion to the Roman war god and the global war on terror.

 

(Nostradamus - Century X, Quatrain 72)
L'an mil neuf cens nonante neuf sept mois
Du ciel viendra vn grand Roy d'effrayeur
Resusciter le grand Roy d'Angolmois,
Auant apres Mars regner par bon heur.

The year 1999, seventh month,
From the sky will come a great King of Terror:
To bring back to life the great King of the Mongols,
Before and after Mars to reign by good luck.

 

 


    Interestingly Sept is French for seven but in this example I suppose it could stand either for the seventh month or 'Sept'ember.  September was once the name for the seventh month, oct=8, nov=9, dec=10.   According to this page England celebrated the beginning of the year on March 25th until the year 1752 and the adoption of the Gregorian calendar. )

“I never cared about the PC of "happy holidays" in lieu of "Merry Christmas" even though I'm an atheist. I enjoy Christmas just as a holiday, but let's call it for what it is.”
- bolareni

Indeed, let's take a closer look.  Why for instance if the current western calendar is based on the birth of Jesus, New Years is not December 25th?

Star of Bethlehem: Going Back in Time to Examine Its Origins
By Joe Rao, Special to SPACE.com, Fri Dec 20,2002
It seems almost traditional at this time of year for stargazers to ponder the age-old question of the possible origin of the Star of Bethlehem. Was the so-called Christmas Star an unusual, eye-catching gathering of naked-eye planets, or was that fabled "sign in the sky" a meteor, comet, nova, or indeed something supernatural?

…And it is very doubtful that Jesus was born in late December. For one thing, the Biblical passage in St. Luke, "And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night," indicates that spring is the likely season; that was when the shepherds in Judea were tending the newborn lambs.

In ancient times, Dec. 25 was the date of the lavish Roman festival of Saturnalia. It was a time when gifts were exchanged; homes, streets and buildings were decorated; people came home for the holidays and everybody was in a happy, party mood. It has been said that early Christians chose the date of the Saturnalia in order to avoid attention and thus escape persecution.

When the Roman emperor Constantine officially adopted Christianity in the 4th century, the date of Christmas remained Dec. 25.

Calendar Systems
Calendar systems are based around major historical events and calendars have continually being altered and corrected and sometimes completely redefined. The calendar base that we use today was not conceived until the year 525 AD. At that time the Roman Calendar was still being used which was based on the founding of the city of Rome on April 22, 753 BC.

Changes have happened since Pope Gregory XIII adjusted the calendar in 1582 AD, who eliminated the accumulated error caused by a faulty calculation of the length of a year and avoided its recurrence by restricting century leap years to those divisible by 400. (Yes, 2000 is a leap year). This was introduced in Roman Catholic countries and other states only gradually changed from Old Style to New Style; Britain and its colonies didn't adopt the Gregorian calendar for almost two centuries in 1752 AD, when the error amounted to 11 days. The 3 September 1752 AD became 14 September 1752 AD. Up until then England had celebrated beginning of the year on 25 March; after 1752 it was moved to 1 January.

Saturnalia
Saturnalia was probably the most popular Roman festival. Saturnalia was held in mid-December to honor the god Saturn with feasting, gift giving and role reversal.

Saturnalia
In Ancient Rome, the mythical age of Saturn's kingship was a golden age of happiness for all men, without theft or servitude, and without private property. Saturn, dethroned by his son Jupiter, had joined Janus as ruler in Italy, but when his time as earthly king was up, he disappeared. “It is said that to this day He lies in a magic sleep on a secret island near Britain, and at some future time ... He will return to inaugurate another Golden Age.”

Saturn Viewer's Guide: Ringed Beauty as Bright as it Gets
By Joe Rao, Special to SPACE.com, 13 December 2002
Saturn is now brighter than at anytime in the past three decades and makes a fine and simple skywatching target in the evening sky.

Saturn is shining as bright as it can ever get, mimicking a beautiful golden-yellow "star" within the horns of the constellation of Taurus, the Bull.

There are two reasons why Saturn appears so exceptionally bright this winter season:

First, the planet is now about as close to the Earth as it can ever come. Saturn will reach the perihelion point of its orbit (nearest to the Sun) on July 26, 2003. This circumstance will also bring Saturn near to its closest possible approach to Earth during successive December oppositions in 2002 and 2003. On Dec. 17 of this year Saturn’s distance from Earth will be 748, 474,580 miles away.
 

I can think of three different ways that the year 2001 is instead 1999.

  1. The Catholic Church in the 18th century when creating our Gregorian calendar secretly removed dates for the actual years of 666 and 1666. (Yes you will find references to those years if you look.)
  2. Since the calendar is based on the birth of Jesus Christ I've read no one is really sure exactly when he was born.  It should be possible to compare to astronomical records (from non-Catholics) if they exist because of the bright star that was seen at his birth.
  3. Because of my contention that our solar system exists in a curvature of space-time, time is not consistent.  Because we are accelerating down the distortion, time is accelerating (shorter space and faster speed).  If someone were able to perform temporal calculations for say the past 2000 or 250 years there may be a difference of two years.  (This is also one of the ways to explain the long lifespan of people in the old testament. Another other is advanced medical technology.)

Revelation (click for my interpretation of several verses of Revelation as well as evidence of extraterrestrial visitation.)

018:021 And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all.

mill-stone (mil'stohn ) n.
    1. either of a pair of circular stones between which grain or another substance is ground, as in a mill.

    This is an interesting application that shows the relative positions of objects in our solar system.  Notice that if you change the date to December 25th the Earth is in the same relative position as the comet was on today Oct. 21.  It appears as if the comet may be changing position just enough so that the Earth hits it.  Comet 19P/Borrelly

    Here are some interesting and possibly relevant associations to the Mars reference in the Century X, Quatrain 72. (For more on Mars discoveries please go here.)

Mars to Get Closer than Ever in Recorded History in 2003
Fri Nov 8, 2002, 8:50 AM ET
Mars recently emerged into the morning sky and has begun an orbital dance with Earth that will, over the next several months, lead to the best viewing opportunity since Neanderthals looked skyward.

At 5:51 a.m. EDT on Aug. 27, 2003, Mars will be within 34,646,488 miles (55,746,199 kilometers) of Earth. This will be the closest that Mars has come to our planet in about 73,000 years, based on detailed computations by Jean Meeus of Belgium.

At the close approach, the Red Planet will be brighter than Jupiter and all the stars in the night sky, outshone only by Venus and the Moon.

Mars
Ancient Roman god of war and protector of Rome, second only to Jupiter in importance. His festivals occurred in the spring (March) and fall (October). Until the time of Augustus, Mars had only two temples in Rome. His sacred spears were kept in a sanctuary; on the outbreak of war, the consul had to shake the spears, saying "Mars vigila!" ("Mars, awake!")

Afghanistan wakes after night of intense bombings
October 7, 2001 Posted: 11:19 p.m. EDT (0319 GMT)
(CNN) -- Daylight broke over Afghanistan Monday after hours of intense bombing by U.S. and British forces overnight, the first strikes in an international campaign to flush out suspected terrorist mastermind Osama bin Laden and punish those who have protected him.

WAR BEGINS: U.S. attacks 'target of opportunity'
Associated Press Writer, Thursday, March 20, 2003
BAGHDAD, Iraq -- Anti-aircraft tracers flashed across the skies of Baghdad and explosions sounded in the city at dawn Thursday as President Bush launched war against Saddam Hussein.

"We cry for Baghdad," said civil servant and part-time Baghdad historian Abdel-Jabar al-Tamimi. "Tonight, we shall be awake waiting for the bombs to fall, but we will also remember that God is stronger than oppression. Wars come and go, but Baghdad will remain."

 

    Here is bit more interesting comet research.  It includes some dramatic images of a comet's [NEAT] close encounter with our Sun, a CME which appears to possibly effect the comet's trajectory and NASA's declaration that the comet does NOT pose a threat to Earth.  Some have equated this comet incident with Nostradamus' Century 2, Quatrain 46.  If this or any other comet or asteroid were found to be on an impact trajectory with Earth would you want to be told or would you want your Government to lie to you?

Amateur stargazer discovers doomed comet
Tuesday, 29 August, 2000, BBC
"No one expected to find all these comets when we launched Soho nearly 5 years ago," said Doug Biesecker, a solar physicist at the Goddard Space Flight Centre.

Only comets that pass perilously close to the Sun catch Soho's attention.

Comet returns after 37,000 years
Wednesday, 19 February, 2003
A recently discovered comet makes its closest approach to the Sun.

Promising New Comet Called NEAT Graces Evening Sky
31 January 2003
Comet NEAT has already shown itself to be an oddball, so before projecting what NEAT might do, a little history is in order.

The I.A.U. Circular No. 8010, dated Nov. 6, 2002, stated that Steven H. Provdo of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory reported the discovery of a new comet as part of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory's NEAT program. NEAT is an autonomous celestial observatory searching for and studying asteroids and comets that roam the same region of the solar system through which Earth orbits.

Misleading so far
Another well-known comet expert, John Bortle of Stormville, New York, has also been carefully following comet NEAT.
"This object has already proven a bit of an oddball," Bortle says, adding, "its appearance and apparent development have misled many folks so far."

The first predictions indicated that the comet would dutifully brighten as it approached the Sun, possibly reaching second magnitude (the brightness of Polaris, the North Star) at perihelion. At that time however, the comet would be positioned just six degrees from the Sun in our sky and would be hopelessly drowned-out by the brilliant solar glare.

But during December, a curious thing began to happen.

Amazing Live Images: Sungrazing Comet Possibly Hit by Solar Eruption
By Robert Roy Britt, Senior Science Writer, 18 February 2003
The SOHO spacecraft is currently generating spectacular images of a recently found comet called NEAT as the icy body circles the Sun and appears to have been struck by a massive solar eruption. The chance encounter could lead to new discoveries about the interactions of comets with hot, charged particles billowing from the Sun.

NEAT is putting on what may turn out to be the most remarkable comet show ever witnessed by SOHO, which has photographed more than 500 comets rounding the Sun.
Click for animated GIF (Large 1.8 MB)
"It is far the brightest and largest comet seen," Paal Brekke, SOHO deputy project scientist, told SPACE.com

The comet, officially C/2002 V1, should be visible in SOHO's LASCO-3 camera through the pre-dawn hours Thursday.

A solar eruption, called a coronal mass ejection (CME), appears to have hit the comet Monday, Brekke said. Scientists think they observed a kink propagating down the comet's ion tail.


Alleged NASA Cover-up of Menacing 'NEAT' Comet Threat is Pure Bunk, Experts Say
28 February 2003
, Space.com
Internet accounts of a comet, supposedly bigger than Jupiter and possibly bearing down on Earth, have concerned citizens e-mailing astronomers and journalists worldwide asking if the end is finally nigh. True to form, the rumors also include allegations of a cover-up by NASA.

Scientists say there is absolutely no danger and call the suggestions of cover-up false and even silly.

The inaccurate portrayals on various Internet sites range from suggestions that the comet's electromagnetic field will drastically alter Earth's weather in coming days to even wilder notions that it is not a comet but instead the long-missing and hypothetical "Planet X." In some accounts the object is destined to fulfill dire Biblical prophecy.

The rumors are all based on a comet called NEAT, discovered late last year and imaged in mid-February by the SOHO spacecraft, which is operated jointly by NASA and the European Space Agency.

Asteroids and Secrecy: If End is Nigh, Do You Want to Know?
By Robert Roy Britt, 24 February 2003
Suppose a giant asteroid is heading toward Earth right now. Impact is certain. The consequences are expected to be globally devastating, with the human race among the casualties. The chances of doing anything about it are zero, the government decides.
 
 Would you want to know?
 
According to some articles, the U.S. Government has been advised to withhold information of a catastrophic impact, were one ever found to be imminent. The Times of London put this headline above its story: "Don't Tell Public of Doomsday Asteroid."

Atlantis

    As I believe the primary goal here may be to scare people and not kill them I'm theorizing that the comet (or another) will impact the Atlantic ocean sometime in the future.  The massive sea waves that result will threaten to wipe out the east coast of the United States as well as other Atlantic coastal countries such as England.  However I'm guessing, again from films and the bible that the sea waves will suddenly stop just before impact.  Such an event occurred in the director's cut of the film 'The Abyss'.  In the film one character attempts to explain the extraterrestrial's control of a water 'tentacle' by suggesting they have the ability to 'polymerize' water.  I wonder how many people saw this as a possible explanation for biblical miracles such as Moses parting the Red Sea and Jesus walking on water?  How about the sinking of the mythical city of Atlantis?  The second article sites research, backed by physical evidence that supports the theory that Atlantis and its culture were destroyed by multiple asteroid impacts around 1200 BCE.  It’s like putting the pieces of a jigsaw puzzle together once you’ve decided that forcing the pieces together that don’t match isn’t the right way. The evidence should be followed and not the opinions of established academics.

Update on Underwater Megalithic Structures near Western Cuba
Copyright © 2001 Linda Moulton Howe, November 19, 2001
November 19, 2001 Havana, Cuba - The story about a possible megalithic site half a mile down off the western tip of Cuba first broke this past May when a Reuters News Service reporter interviewed the deep ocean engineer who first reported unusual sidescan sonar of the discovery. Her name is Paulina Zelitsky.

...
This week I talked with both Paulina Zelitsky and Paul Weinzweig and learned that in addition to the sonar images, this late summer they were able to get some light and a videotape camera down to the underwater site in a Remote Operated Vehicle known as an ROV. Over the past several months, I have had an agreement with Mr. Weinzweig in which I can discuss their progress with the site, but will only report publicly when I have permission.

"IS THERE ANYTHING THAT YOU CAN SAY ON THE RECORD THIS MORNING THAT I CAN DO SOME KIND OF AN UPDATE?
For the record you can say that the Center for Marine Archaeology and Anthropology at the Cuban Academy of Sciences is currently analyzing video data which we have from the perimeter of the site from megalithic stones. They are working on inscriptions that they have detected on these stones and they are analyzing them at this time.

AND YOU MENTIONED POSSIBLY THE SAME KIND OF LOOK AS THE PERIMETER STONES AT STONEHENGE? THAT KIND OF RECTANGULAR LOOKING?
Yes, the same kind of stone that you see on Easter Island and in Stonehenge. Very large and smooth and light colored that bear no relationship to the surrounding ecology. And also there is evidence of smooth cut and fit, that is one on top of another, as if the basis of a pyramid or large building.
...

There was a huge gap in knowledge between Plato's and Solon's time and what happened in Atlantis. Because we now know that when the Bronze Age stopped suddenly around 1200 B. C., that for the next 400 years at least there was a period of profound Dark Age. There was no more writing. There was no more building of cities. The population of the world had decreased phenomenally. There was widespread burning. The entire Black Forest of Germany was incinerated. Every, not virtually, but every known archaeological site in the Near East and Asia Minor were burned. It is now understood that there was a major catastrophe of which Atlantis was only a small part that whipped around the world in a band literally from about Iceland to oh, say, the middle of North Africa. It affected North America, went right through the Pacific.

There was a symposium of archaeo-astronomers back in 1997, not New Age people at all, in England, in which they found that probably the greatest natural catastrophe human beings ever witnessed was around 1200 B. C. And that was when two or more comets, including Haley's Comet, converged in the skies over earth and showered the world with a barrage of asteroids and meteors that pushed human beings to the brink of extinction.

And Atlantis was especially hard hit because there are two Swedish physicists, Thomas Larsson and Lars Franzen, who established in 1997 that several asteroids - I'm not talking about meteorites - several asteroids! collided in the eastern Atlantic precisely in the location of Atlantis and that is why we can explain why an island the size of Atlantis which was 6,000 square miles - it was not a continent, it was a big island. And it was destroyed. If you have an island out in the middle of the water and it's hit by several nuclear blasts at once, the chances of that thing being around are slim.

WHAT HAPPENS TO THE ACADEMIC WORLD THEN?
"
It is stood on its ear because the academic world has been demanding for the last 100 years that anybody who believed in Atlantis believes in fantasy, they don't know what they are talking about, they are very unscientific. And beyond that, they say civilization just began 5,000 years ago very slowly in Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates. Well, all of that is going to have to be thrown out! We are going to be looking at something completely different now. In other words, all of the textbooks, our entire concept of where we came from is going to have to be changed."

see also, Update About Cuba Underwater Megalithic Research, July 10, 2002, by Linda Moulton Howe

    It's interesting that while the previous article contains so much supporting evidence from a variety of sources, subsequent articles from Reuters take the  skeptical approach they do (e.g. Zelitsky 'believes', "Zelitzky's hypothesis is far from conclusive") and they do not mention the same evidence or the corresponding historical accounts.  I've also included the link to NPR's "All Things Considered" coverage in Real Audio format.

Mysterious Underwater Monoliths
» from All Things Considered, Friday, May 31, 2002
NPR's Gerry Hadden reports on a discovery in the Caribbean Sea southwest of Cuba. Monoliths -- in geometrically precise shapes -- have been found on the sea floor. They're arranged in a way that suggests it could have been done by human beings. But who would have done it and how is a mystery. (4:30)

In Cuban Depths, Atlantis or Anomaly?
Images of Massive Stones 2,000 Feet Below Surface Fuel Scientific Speculation

By Kevin Sullivan
Washington Post Foreign Service
Thursday, October 10, 2002; Page A25

HAVANA -- The images appear slowly on the video screen, like ghosts from the ocean floor. The videotape, made by an unmanned submarine, shows massive stones in oddly symmetrical square and pyramid shapes in the deep-sea darkness.

Sonar images taken from a research ship 2,000 feet above are even more puzzling. They show that the smooth, white stones are laid out in a geometric pattern. The images look like fragments of a city, in a place where nothing man-made should exist, spanning nearly eight square miles of a deep-ocean plain off Cuba's western tip.

Earl has visited Cuba and described the preliminary evidence as "fantastic" and "extraordinary." But she stressed that as a "skeptical scientist," she would assume that the unusual stones were formed naturally until scientific evidence proved otherwise.

"There is so much speculation about ancient civilizations," she said. "I'm in tune with the reality and the science, not the myths or stories or fantasies."

Probe Into Cuba's Possible 'Sunken City' Advances
March 29, 2002 06:16 PM ET, By Andrew Cawthorne
HAVANA (Reuters) - Scientific investigators said on Friday they hope to better determine later this year if an unusual rock formation deep off Cuba's coast could be a sunken city from a previously unknown ancient civilization.

"These are extremely peculiar structures ... They have captured all our imagination," Cuban geologist Manuel Iturralde said at a conference after a week on a boat over the site.

"If I had to explain this geologically, I would have a hard time," he told reporters later, saying examination of rock samples due to be collected in a few months should shed further light on the formation off the Guanahacabibes Peninsula on Cuba's western tip.

Explorers to return to ocean floor in hopes of confirming shapes are sign of lost civilization
Wed May 22, 2002 8:43 PM ET, By ANITA SNOW, Associated Press Writer

HAVANA - Floating aboard the Spanish trawler she chartered to explore the Cuban coast for shipwrecks, Paulina Zelitsky pores over yellowed tomes filled with sketches and tales of lost cities — just like the one she believes she has found deep off the coast of western Cuba.

"You would not think that a reasonable woman of my age would fall for an idea like this," chuckled Zelitsky, a 57-year-old offshore engineer who runs the exploration firm Advanced Digital Communications of British Columbia, Canada.

Zelitsky passionately believes the megalithic structures her crew discovered 2,310 feet (693 meters) below the ocean's surface could prove that a civilization lived thousands of years ago on an island or stretch of land joining the archipelago of Cuba with Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, about 120 miles (200 kilometers) away.

Evidence for Zelitzky's hypothesis is far from conclusive, and has been met with skepticism from scientists from other countries who nevertheless decline to comment publicly on the project until scientific findings have been made available. Submerged urban ruins have never been found at so great a depth.

Zelitsky shies from using the term "Atlantis," but comparisons are inevitable to the legendary sunken civilization that Plato described in his "Dialogues" around 360 B.C.

Next stop Atlantis, Cuba
by Judi McLeod, Canadafreepress.com
Tuesday, March 15, 2005
..."Moreover, it could well be that at long last the mystery of Atlantis, mankind’s greatest historical enigma, is about to unfold in a most spectacular fashion."

Dark like the monolith

“The suppression of uncomfortable ideas may be common in religion or in politics, but it is not the path to knowledge, and there's no place for it in the endeavor of science. We do not know beforehand where fundamental insights will arise from about our mysterious and lovely solar system. The history of our study of our solar system shows us clearly that accepted and conventional ideas are often wrong, and that fundamental insights can arise from the most unexpected sources.”
- Carl Sagan, Cosmos television series

    At the very least It’s fun to speculate on the coincidences between the ‘unexplained’ low albedo of the comet Borrelly and the monolith in the film 2001 a Space Odyssey. Particularly when you consider that the black monolith in the film ‘altered’ the primates and the theory of Panspermia shows how genetic programming in viruses and bacterial spores can be delivered to planets by way of comets.  For more scientific coincidences that correspond with Arthur C. Clark's 'prophecies' please see my Mars page where I have links to recent unexplained findings on Jupiter including a mysterious dark vortex the size of Earth.

The mysterious monolith
Comet Borrelly Puzzle: Darkest Object in the Solar System
29 November 2001
"I'm not sure how you get an albedo that low," said Donald Yeomans, an expert on comets and asteroids at JPL. "It must have to do with texture -- it can't all be color."

INTRODUCTION: MORE THAN PANSPERMIA
“Cosmic Ancestry is a new theory of evolution and the origin of life on Earth. It holds that life on Earth was seeded from space, and that life's evolution to higher forms depends on genetic programs that come from space. It is a wholly scientific, testable theory for which evidence is accumulating.”

COMETS: THE DELIVERY SYSTEM
“The objection that life can't survive in space needs examination. A serious problem for Svante Arrhenius's theory in 1908 was that spores in empty space would be subject to radiation damage, especially in the vicinity of a star. In 1978, Hoyle and Wickramasinghe observe in Lifecloud (1) that if a cloud of bacterial matter were dense enough, the inner contents would be protected from radiation by the outer layers. Other scientists have recently observed that a coating of dust only half a micrometer thick would adequately protect a bacterium in space (2-4).”

“Hoyle and Wickramasinghe also discuss another means of space travel which solves the radiation problem: comets. The idea that comets could bring to Earth the ingredients for life is not completely new. Among others, Isaac Newton endorsed it. "Newton considered the continual arrival of cometary material to be essential for life on Earth" (5).”

Surviving Space: How Bugs Might Travel Between Planets
By Stephen Hart, Astrobiology Magazine
26 November 2002
It came from outer space. Life, that is.

This concept has drifted around the universe of space science since at least as long ago as 1864, when William Thomson Kelvin told the Royal Society of Edinburgh "The hypothesis that life originated on this earth through moss-grown fragments from the ruins of another world may seem wild and visionary; all I maintain is that it is not unscientific." He repeated the assertion in 1871 at the 41st Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, using the less colorful term "seed-bearing meteoritic stones."
...
Horneck’s results lend more support to the modern variant of Lord Kelvin’s moss-grown rock idea. When large objects impact a planet, there’s a sort of splash zone in a ring abound the impact. Large chunks of planet may shoot into space. Impacts this large were common late in the formation of the solar system. But even as recently as about 65 million years ago a meteor hit Mexico, ejecting so much material into the atmosphere that it’s suspected of causing the extinction of the dinosaurs.

"This concept, called also litho-panspermia, is based on the scenario that by an impact of a very large kilometer-sized meteor or comet, material is ejected from a planet and can reach escape velocity," Horneck explains. "There are certain areas at the rim of the impact crater, called the spallation zone, where by reflection of the shock wave the temperatures do not exceed 100 degrees Celsius" [212 degrees Fahrenheit, the boiling point of water].

That’s cool enough to allow spores to survive ejection, the first stage of interplanetary travel. The second stage Horneck addressed in her research. "There are some studies simulating the reentry process," Horneck says of the last stage of an interplanetary trip. "It seems, that spores can also survive this in the inner part of the meteorite. Entering the atmosphere goes very fast, and so only the outer layer is heated."

Asteroid Recent Developments

    Since December 2001 Earth has been visited by at least half a dozen Near Earth Asteroids (NEA).  According to one article at least one one of these passed within less than one lunar distance.  The frequency of these events and the scientific communities increased awareness of the threat and real inability to adequately track this threat much less do anything about it has motivated the community recently to unite and plead to world governments to increase funding for their detection and possible response.  Regrettably their concerns are falling on deaf ears as our 'noble' leaders are too occupied with more mundane and 'practical' problems as well as the ludicrous war on terrorism.  (The articles are in listed in chronological order.)

Asteroid Discoveries May Outpace Ability to Assess Threat to Earth160 Identified Earth Asteroid Impact Sites
19 October 2001, By Robert Roy Britt, Senior Science Writer
"Any large asteroids bearing down on Earth would likely be discovered decades in advance, experts say. But smaller objects often go undetected and could destroy a city. And no one can say if or when a surprise impact might occur."

Space rock hurtles past Earth
Monday, 7 January, 2002, 07:52 GMT, By BBC News Online science editor Dr David Whitehouse
"
Astronomers also add that it is "potentially hazardous", meaning there is a slim chance that it may strike the Earth sometime in the future."

Large Asteroid Passes Close to Earth
Tuesday January 8 4:10 PM ET
"
Asteroid 2001 YB5, estimated to be 1,000 feet across, was traveling about 68,000 mph relative to the Earth when it zipped past."

``It's a fairly substantial rock. If it had hit us at that sort of speed, you would be taking out a medium-size country, France, I suppose, or Texas, or something of that order,'' said Jay Tate, director of the Spaceguard Centre in Wales."

World's Asteroid Hunters Make Political Plea to Save Earth
31 January 2002, By Robert Roy Britt Senior Science Writer
"
Prompted by a close brush between Earth and an asteroid in early January, scores of top researchers who often don't see eye-to-eye have made a joint political plea for help in saving the planet."

"The scientists also sometimes disagree over how their findings should be presented, or not presented, to the public. Some have called for full disclosure at times. Others have suggested a more guarded release of information only after public risk, or lack of it, has been well established."

"One thing they all agree on, however, is that the threat is real."

Whew! Stealth asteroid nearly blindsides Earth
March 19, 2002 Posted: 5:41 PM EST (2241 GMT), By Richard Stenger CNN
"A sizable asteroid zipped near our planet this month without anyone noticing because it traveled through an astronomical blind spot, scientists said."

"The space boulder passed Earth within 288,000 miles (461,000 kilometers) -- or 1.2 times the distance to the moon -- on March 8, but since it came from the direction of the sun, scientists did not observe it until four days later."

"The object, slightly larger than one that flattened a vast expanse of Siberia in 1908, was one of the 10 closest known asteroids to approach Earth, astronomers said."

"Asteroid 2002 EM7 took us by surprise. It is yet another reminder of the general impact hazard we face," said Benny Peiser, a European scientist who monitors the threat of Earth-asteroid collisions."

Why We Fear Ourselves More than Asteroids
26 March 2002, By Robert Roy Britt, Senior Science Writer
In the past six months, while the world focused on the continuing threat of global terrorism, as many as a dozen or more asteroids sneaked up on the Earth and zoomed by at distances just beyond the Moon's orbit and closer. Most were never noticed. Earlier this month, astronomers did spot one. Four days after it flew by.

In discussing these events, experts describe a planet vulnerable to an unexpected attack that could, in an instant, wipe out a city or even destroy civilization. Some researchers go so far as to view the asteroid threat as an "international emergency situation," as Andy Smith of the Safety Research Institute in Albuquerque New Mexico said last week.

Yet as billions upon billions of dollars are spent to provide insurance against terrorism, astronomers were foiled in a recent attempt to encourage Australia to invest a comparatively paltry $1 million to scan the mostly unsurveyed southern skies for killer space rocks.

The scientists were practically laughed at on television by the science minister of Australia who, like much of the world's public, simply does not take the threat of asteroids seriously.

Many astronomers, it must be noted, believe present asteroid search efforts are fairly adequate, notwithstanding the lack of a southern telescope.

A more vocal group of astronomers and other proponents of increased spending tend to worry about smaller asteroids that could cause regional devastation. And they tend to make more frightening statements. Here are just a few that have come from the mouths of respected experts just in the past 10 days:

"If it were over a populated area, like Atlanta, it would have basically flattened it," asteroid cataloguer Gareth Williams told CNN in discussing the potential of asteroid 2002 EM7.

"We live in a cosmic shooting gallery," said Duncan Steel of Salford University.

"We're talking about a million megaton explosion," said author and physicist Paul Davies of Macquarie University, in discussing a typical impact on another recent television program. "That's a million city-bursting bombs all going off at once."

While such statements are often softened with the reminder that the world probably won't end tonight -- Davies said in the next breath, "I don't want people to lie awake at night worrying about it" -- the effort is clear: Get you and the politicians to act on this threat.

A Homeland Defense for Planet Earth
03 April 2002, By Leonard David, Senior Space Writer
ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO -- Earth is on a "hit list" with hazardous asteroids and comets being nature's own terrorism from the sky. More than 100,000 dangerous near-Earth objects exist - known in sky watching circles as NEOs.

Off-the-shelf technology to prevent future impacts from making a mess of things already exists, but some assembly is required. More worrisome is that little is being done to prepare for the day when a big one smacks into our planet, stirring up global consequences.

The threat from celestial wanderers is real. A homeland defense plan for planet Earth is now needed. And time is running out.

Large Asteroid Narrowly Misses Earth
Thu Jun 20,10:14 PM ET

An asteroid the size of a soccer field narrowly missed the Earth by 75,000 miles — less than a third of the distance to the moon and one of the closest known approaches by objects of this size, scientists said Thursday.

"In the unlikely event the asteroid had struck Earth in a populated area, it would have caused considerable loss of life," said scientist Grant Stokes. "The energy release would be of the magnitude of a large nuclear weapon."

Space rock 'on collision course'
Wednesday, 24 July, 2002, 02:29 GMT 03:29 UK
An asteroid discovered just weeks ago has become the most threatening object yet detected in space.

A preliminary orbit suggests that 2002 NT7 is on an impact course with Earth and could strike the planet on 1 February, 2019 - although the uncertainties are large.

U.S. Military Considers Coordinated Clearinghouse to Monitor and Respond to Asteroid, Comet Threat
By Leonard David, 05 August 2002
The U.S. Space Command is reviewing a plan to create a clearinghouse that gathers and analyzes data regarding impending Earth impacts from asteroids or comets. The information node would also assess possible damage stemming from an incoming object. Such a clearinghouse, if established, would merge military and civilian talent to help minimize damage and loss of life due to a strike from space.

Experts from the U.S. military, NASA, sky monitoring groups, as well as the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), took part in the SAIC study. The $92,000 assessment began in earnest last October and was delivered to the U.S. Space Command in June.

It's a "virtual certainty", Roberts said, that Earth is going to be on the receiving end of an asteroid or comet. "It is time to take the next step. We need to bring techniques, capabilities, information and procedures together that have been heretofore separated and segmented," he said.

"There is no question. It is a mathematical certainty. This is the one point in time…the one natural disaster that we can influence. I believe our study takes the right direction and is the right next step," Roberts concluded.


Scant Support for Turning Aside Doomsday Asteroid
Tue Sep 3, 5:13 PM ET
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - A doomsday asteroid could wipe out humanity if it collided with Earth, but scientists said on Tuesday there was little support for investigating how to turn aside a big deadly space rock.

An asteroid, headed our way
By Peter N. Spotts | Staff writer of The Christian Science Monitor
from the July 26, 2005 edition
Humans live in a vast solar system where 2,000 feet seems a razor-thin distance.

Yet it's just wide enough to trigger concerns that an asteroid due to buzz Earth on April 13, 2029 may shift its orbit enough to return and strike the planet seven years later.

The concern: Within the object's range of possible fly-by distances lie a handful of gravitational "sweet spots," areas some 2,000 feet across that are also known as keyholes.

The physics may sound complex, but the potential ramifications are plain enough. If the asteroid passes through the most probable keyhole, its new orbit would send it slamming into Earth in 2036. It's unclear to some experts whether ground-based observatories alone will be able to provide enough accurate information in time to mount a mission to divert the asteroid, if that becomes necessary.

So NASA researchers have begun considering whether the US needs to tag the asteroid, known as 99942 Apophis, with a radio beacon before 2013.

99942 Apophis
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia that anyone can edit.
99942 Apophis (previously better known by its provisional designation 2004 MN4) is a Near-Earth asteroid that caused a brief period of concern in December 2004 because initial observations indicated a relatively large probability that it would strike the Earth in 2029. However, additional observations provided improved predictions that eliminated the possibility of an impact on Earth or the Moon in 2029. A future impact on April 13, 2036, is still possible, keeping the asteroid at level 1 on the Torino impact hazard scale as of September 2005, with an estimated impact-probability of 1 in 5,560.



(For several recent articles regarding meteor/asteroid sightings and impacts please go here.  They appear to be occurring with increasing frequency.)

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